What are the components of structured cabling?
Structured cabling is a type of wiring system used in many commercial and residential buildings. It is designed to provide a reliable, secure, and efficient way to connect computers, phones, and other devices. Structured cabling consists of several components that work together to create a unified network. This Blog will discuss the components of structured cabling, including the cables, connectors, patch panels, and racks.
Structured cabling begins with the cables. The most common type of cable used in structured cabling is Category 5e (CAT5e) or Category 6 (CAT6) twisted pair cable. This type of cable is made up of four pairs of copper wires that are twisted together to reduce interference. The cables are then covered in a protective jacket to protect them from damage. The cables are available in various lengths and colors to meet the needs of the installation.
The next component of structured cabling is the connectors. Connectors are used to join two cables together. The most common type of connector used in structured cabling is an RJ45 connector. This type of connector is designed to fit into an RJ45 port on a device such as a computer or a phone. The connectors come in various colors and sizes to match the cables they are connecting.
Patch panels are used to organize and manage the cables in a structured cabling system. The patch panel is a metal frame with multiple ports that the cables that can be connected. The patch panel is then connected to a switch or router, which allows the devices connected to the patch panel to communicate with each other.
Racks are used to store and organize the components of a structured cabling system. The rack is typically made of metal and has multiple shelves for storing the patch panels, switches, routers, and other components of the system. The rack also has cable management features such as cable ties and clips to keep the cables organized and out of the way.